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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/10085

Title: Effect of Sewage Sludge on Nodulation and N2-Fixation in Alfalfa Grown on Calcareous Loamy Soils.
Authors: F. N. Barakah
S. H. Salem
A. M. Heggo
Issue Date: 1996
Abstract: The influence of different rates of sludge applications to calcareous loamy soils of Saudi Arabia, on nodulation and symbiotic N2-Fixation in alfalfa plants (Medicago, sativa L.) was studied in a pot experiment. The effect of heavy metals accumulation in soil due to continuous irrigation of the test soil with sewage water was also investigated. Application of up to 80 g sludge per pot enhanced nodulation, nitrogenase activity, dry matter yield and N-contents of alfalfa plants growing in loamy soils either previously irrigated with sewage water or well water. However, sludge applied at the rate of 160-200 g pot-1 inhibited the nodulation, N accumulation and dry matter yield of alfalfa. The response of alfalfa to sludge was dependent on the rhizobial strain used. Our results also showed that accumulation of heavy metals due to continuous irrigation of a calcareous sandy loam soil with sewage water, for more than 10 years, didn't inhibit N2-Fixation in alfalfa plants, but enhanced it. Microelements in alfalfa plants increased with increase in the rate of sludge application. Although high rates of sludge application affected nodulation and N2-Fixation of alfalfa, dry matter and the nitrogen contents of the plants were not highly affected. Therefore, the inhibitory effect of high rates of sludge was most probably due to the toxic effect of heavy metals on the microsymbiont rather than on the plants
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/10085
Appears in Collections:College of Foods And Agricultural Science

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