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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/10172

Title: The Hydraulic Properties of a Sandy Soil Treated with Gel- Forming Soil Conditioner.
Authors: A. M. Al-Darby
Issue Date: 1996
Abstract: The irrigated sandy soils in the arid regions have limited water retention capacity. A laboratory study was conducted on a sandy soil to investigate the effect of a gel-forming soil conditioner (Jalma) on the soil water retention relationship ( -  ), soil water diffusivity (D()), and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks). Zero, 0.2. 0.4, and 0.8% of Jalma (J) were uniformly mixed with a sandy soil (Typic Torripsamments). The soil water distribution. horizontal, wetting front advance (X), and infiltration (I) were measured. The results indicate: (1) the available water content increased exponentially with increasing J, but Ks decreased exponentially with increasing J; (2) the X and I decreased with increasing J, and their relationships with time can be described by power functions; (3) the D() increased with increasing  and decreased with increasing J. Two approaches were taken to calculate K() by using: (1) the D() functions and the complete - relationship, and (2) the measured Ks and a limited range of the- relationship. The two approaches were found to be comparable, but the second approach is recommended since it required simpler and available data. The calculated K() increased with increasing  and decreased with increasing J. Generally, this study revealed that the addition of gel-conditioner improved the hydraulic properties of sandy soil and that the best rate of Jalma is 0.4%. is addition rate limited deep percolation losses while maintaining adequate infiltration and water retention characteristics.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/10172
Appears in Collections:College of Foods And Agricultural Science

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