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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/10294

Title: The Economic Dimension of Producing and Consuming Fish in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Authors: Adel M. Khalifa
Abdullah El-Obeid
Keywords: Fish production and consumption, fishing boats, production efficiency
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Journal of King Saud University
Abstract: The main objective of this research article is to identify and examine the economic dimension of producing and consuming fish in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The period 1980-97 was denoted to be the study period of this paper. Some of the study results could be summarized as follows: (1) 98.2% of the fishing boats in the Red Sea and Arabian Gulf areas is found to be of the traditional type. Whereas, only 1.85% represents the percentage of advanced and automated boats, for the period 1988-97. (2) 73.66% of the average total number of fishing boats is concentrated in the Red Sea fisheries. The rest is found to work within the Arabian Gulf fisheries, for the same above study period 1988-97. (3) Traditional boats in the Red Sea and Arabian Gulf areas represent the major means of production in the Kingdom. Its corresponding average production is estimated at nearly 76.41% of the average total fish production, which is estimated at 48.84 thousand tons. Advanced automated boats, on the other hand, occupy second place, where its average production is estimated at 17.42% of the average total fish production, for the same above study period 1988-97. (4) Average productivity of fishermen and boats in the Red Sea area and the Arabian Gulf area is found to be slightly deteriorating. This could be due to overfishing, in addition to some imbalances in the fishing stock of these fisheries. (5) The number of fishing boats and technological advancements are found to be the most important factors affecting fish production. On the other hand, the estimated fish production, the average fish retail prices, and national income are the most prominent factors determining fish consumption for the period 1980-97. (6) It is anticipated that fish production would decline from 50.55 thousand tons in 1999 to 48.65 thousand tons by the year 2005. Consumption, on the other hand, is anticipated to decline from 96.29 thousand tons in 1999 to 90.50 thousand ton by the year 2005. This implies that the self-sufficiency ratio of fish will barely increase from 52.49% in 1999 to 53.76% in 2005. Accordingly, the study recommends that there is a great need for developing the fishing boats for the purpose of overcoming the problems of overfishing and the depletion of the fishing stock in the areas of the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/10294
Appears in Collections:College of Foods And Agricultural Science

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