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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11011

Title: , Water Chemistry and algal vegetation of streams in the Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia,
Authors: B. A. Whitton
T. M. Khoja
Keywords: calcareous stream
benthic algae
Nostoc verrucosum
تاريخ النشر: 1986
Publisher: Hydrobiol.
Citation: , 133, 97-106
Abstract: Surveys of water chemistry and algal vegetation at nine stream sites in the Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia, were made in March, 1984. The waters were moderately to highly calcareous with a relatively high Mg: Ca ratio and high concentrations of reactive-Si (x = 12.2 mg l–1) and F (x = 0.73 mg l–1). Ammonia typically constituted about one-sixth of the inorganic nitrogen. Filamentous algae (Cladophora and/or Spirogyra) were abundant at all but one site. However two sites, Wadi Habaqah and Al Tanoumah, differed considerably from the others in their overall floristic composition, with various species of Rivulariaceae, Nostoc verrucosum, Schizothrix lardacea and certain other blue-green algae present only here. With one minor exception, heterocystous blue-green algae were absent at the other sites. Tufa was deposited at these two sites, but not elsewhere. Species which appeared to play an active role in calcification included Dichothrix gypsophila, Calothrix parietina, Cladophora glomerata and the moss Bryum sp. A community apparently not previously recorded in the literature was abundant at Wadi Habaqah. This consisted of thick mats of Cladophora glomerata, with a thin surface layer of Zygnemales and numerous colonies of Nostoc verrucosum inside, or towards the underside, of the mat.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11011
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