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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12069

Title: Propane oxidative dehydrogenation over metal pyrophosphates catalysts
Authors: Jibril, Al-Zahrani, S.M. , B.Y.,
Abasaeed, A.E.
Keywords: Metal pyrophosphates; Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane; Propene from propane; Reactivity of lattice oxygen
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: Catalysis Letters:Volume 74, Issue 3-4, Pages 145-148
Abstract: Metal pyrophosphates (M-P2O7, where M is V, Zr, Cr, Mg, Mn, Ni or Ce) have been found to catalyze the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propene. The reaction was conducted at 1 atm, 450-550°C and feed flowrate of 75 cm3/min (20 cm3/min propane, 5 cm3/min oxygen and the balance is helium). All catalysts showed increase in degrees of conversion and decrease in olefins selectivity with increase in reaction temperature. At 550°C, MnP2O7 exhibited the highest activity (40.7% conversion) and total olefins (C3H6, and C2H4) yield (29.3%). The other catalysts, indicated by their respective metals, may be ranked (based on olefins yield) as V (16.9%) < Cr (17.5%) < Ce (25.1%) < Zr (26.2%) < Ni (26.89r) < Mg (27.99%). The reactivity of the lattice oxygen was estimated from energy of formation of the corresponding metal oxides. Correlation between the selectivity to propene and the standard energy of formation was attempted. Although there was no clear correlation, the result suggested that the lattice oxygen play a key role in the selectivity-determining step.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12069
ISSN: 1011372X
Appears in Collections:College of Engineering

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