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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13581

Title: Natural convection heat transfer along vertical rectangular ducts
Authors: Ali, M
Keywords: HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
Citation: HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, JournalVL 46, IS 2, BP 255-EP 266, PY 2009, TC 0.
Abstract: Experimental investigations have been reported on steady state natural convection from the outer surface of vertical rectangular and square ducts in air. Seven ducts have been used; three of them have a rectangular cross section and the rest have square cross section. The ducts are heated using internal constant heat flux heating elements. The temperatures along the vertical surface and the peripheral directions of the duct wall are measured. Axial (perimeter averaged) heat transfer coefficients along the side of each duct are obtained for laminar and transition to turbulent regimes of natural convection heat transfer. Axial (perimeter averaged) Nusselt numbers are evaluated and correlated using the modified Rayleigh numbers for laminar and transition regime using the vertical axial distance as a characteristic length. Critical values of the modified Rayleigh numbers are obtained for transition to turbulent. Furthermore, total overall averaged Nusselt numbers are correlated with the modified Rayleigh numbers and the area ratio for the laminar regimes. The local axial (perimeter averaged) heat transfer coefficients are observed to decrease in the laminar region and increase in the transition region. Laminar regimes are obtained at the lower half of the ducts and its chance to appear decreases as the heat flux increases.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13581
ISSN: 0947-7411
Appears in Collections:College of Engineering

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