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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13623

Title: The potential of Bacillus licheniformis strains for in situ enhanced oil recovery
Authors: Yakimov, M.M.,
Amro, M.M.,
Bock, M.,
Boseker, K.,
Fredrickson, H.L.,
Kessel, D.G.
Timmis, K.N.
Keywords: Bacillus licheniformis; Core flood tests; Extracellular aerobic and anaerobic polymer production; In situ growth and metabolism; Microbially enhanced oil recovery (MEOR)
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Citation: Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 18 (1-2), pp. 147-160.
Abstract: The ability of microorganisms isolated from oil reservoirs to increase oil recovery by in situ growth and metabolism following the injection of laboratory grown microbial cells and nutrients were studied. Four strains isolated from Northern German oil reservoirs at depths of 866 to 1520 m, and identified as Bacillus licheniformis, were characterized taxonomically and physiologically. All strains grew on a variety of substrates at temperatures of up to 55°C and at salinities of up to 12% NaCl. Extracellular polymer production occurred both aerobically and anaerobically over a wide range of temperatures, pressures and salinities, though it was optimal at temperatures around 50°C and at salinities between 5 and 10% NaCl. Strain BNP29 was able to produce significant amounts of biomass, polymer, fermentation alcohols and acids in batch culture experiments under simulated reservoir conditions. Oil recovery (core flooding) experiments with strain BNP29 and a sucrose-based nutrient were performed with lime-free and lime-containing, oil-bearing sandstone cores. Oil recovery efficiencies varied from 9.3 to 22.1% of the water flood residual oil saturation. Biogenic acid production that accompanied oil production, along with selective plugging, are important mechanisms leading to increased oil recovery, presumably through resulting changes in rock porosity and alteration of wettability. These data show that strain BNP29 exhibits potential for the development of enhanced oil recovery processes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13623
ISSN: 09204105
Appears in Collections:College of Engineering

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