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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/14537

Title: Food consumption patterns and prevalence of obesity in an adult population in Amman, Jordan.
Authors: Jafar Muhammad EL-Qudah
Keywords: Obesity, Overweight, BMI, Food consumption, Food Guide Pyramid, Jordan
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: INSInet Publication
Abstract: Nutrition scientists generally believe that healthy diets are the ones with most diverse diets. The nutrients essential for meeting nutritional requirements are not all usually found in a single food item; they are however present in a diet composed of a number of foods. Overweight and obesity are major public health problems in various communities of the world. They are no longer just a concern for developed countries, but is also becoming an increasing problem in many developing countries, including Jordan. The aim of the present study, was to assess the food consumption pattern and to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in an adult population in Amman, Jordan. A self- reported questionnaire was administrated to 544 participants (274 males and 270 females), ranging in age from 19-70 years. Participants were asked to record their intake of all food items for 3 days including weekend. The mean serving intake from each food group per day was compared to the Food Guide Pyramid. Body Mass Index (BMI) was used for the assessment of overweight and obesity. Our results showed that 31% of the total sample were over weight and 12% were obese. The prevalence of over weight was higher in males than females (37% and 24% respectively), while the prevalence of obesity was higher in females than males (21% and 4% respectively). Evaluation of dietary intake shows that males consume more servings /d than females from all food groups. On average the participants reported eating 6.4 servings/d of cereal group, 1.8 servings/d of milk, 1.8 servings/d of vegetables, 0.45 servings /d of fruits and 2.6 servings/d of meat group. Habits involving regular eating patterns and vegetable intake were reported and represent practices that ought to be encouraged. The life style practices were compared by gender. The majority of the present sample (74.2 %) reported taking meals irregularly, with 72.2% eating meals 2 times per day; there were no gender differences. However, a significant gender difference was found in the response relating to breakfast intake, with 12.8% of males and 8.9% of females reporting eating breakfast daily (p < 0.0006). A total of 47.9% of subjects reported the consumption of colored vegetables such as spinach and carrots, and 31.7% of subjects reported eating fruit daily. Female students tend to eat more fruit than males (p < 0.0001). This study showed that about 48% of the total sample were either over weight or obese. Through dietary assessment it was observed that participants consume less than recommended from approximately all food groups. Therefore, it would be useful to adopt educational programs of dietary consumption and physical activity promotion.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/14537
Appears in Collections:College of Applied Medical Sciences

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