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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/14792

Title: Clinical investigation of the effect of topical anesthesia on intraocular pressure
Authors: Turki M Almubrad PhD
Keywords: Tonometry, Topical anesthesia, Oxybuprocaine, Proparacaine
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Clinical Ophthalmology
Abstract: Background/Aims: Contact tonometry is generally considered more accurate than non-contact tonometry in the assessment of intraocular pressure (IOP). This study was designed to investigate the effect of ocular anesthesia, a pre-requisite for contact tonometry, on the IOP in a sample of visually normal subjects. Method: In a random sample of 120 young visually normal subjects (divided equally among three groups), the Topcon CT80 non-contact tonometer was used to measure IOP before, at the second minute and at the fifth minute following instillation of one drop of one of three eyedrops – carboxymethylcellulose sodium 0.5% (control), oxybuprocaine hydrochloride 0.4% and proparacaine hydrochloride 0.5%. Results: The IOP measured before instilling the ophthalmic drops did not vary significantly among the three groups of subjects (p > 0.05). In the control group, the average IOP of 15.1 ± 2.6 mmHg did not vary significantly (p > 0.05) 2 minutes and 5 minutes following instillation of one drop of Carboxymethylcellulose sodium. There were statistically significant reductions of IOP 2 minutes (p 0.01) and 5 minutes (p 0.001) after the instillation of one drop of oxybuprocaine hydrochloride. One drop of proparacaine hydrochloride caused significant reductions in the average IOP after 2 minutes (p 0.001) and after 5 minutes (p 0.001). Conclusions: One drop of topical proparacaine or oxybuprocaine may cause a small but a statistically significant reduction in IOP which could lead to lower IOP readings.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/14792
Appears in Collections:College of Applied Medical Sciences

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