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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/148

Title: Growth, yield and quality of three greenhouse cucumber cultivars in relation two types of water applied at different growth stages
Authors: Alsadon, A.A.
Wahb-allah, M.A.
Khalil, S.O.
Keywords: Cucumber
Saline
Water quality
Cultivars
Yield response
Growth stage
Irrigation water
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: King Saud University
Citation: Journal of King Saud University, Agricultural sciences: 18 (2); 89-102
Abstract: Two levels of salinity of irrigation water (I: wen water with EC 2.61 ds.m.l, II: desalinized water with EC 0.39 ds.m-I) were applied to three greenhouse cucumber cultivars; Alasil, Alia and Copra; at various stages of growth and for different time durations, to study the effect of irrigation water salinity on growth, quantity and quality of cucumber production. Five irrigation treatments (IT) were applied; (IT!) irrigation with desalinized water for the whole experimental period; which was 105 days, (IT2) irrigation with desalinized water from the beginning of experiment until the beginning of flowering stage (30 days) then irrigation with we1l water, (IB) irrigation with desalinized water until the beginning of fruit setting stage (35 days) then irrigation with we1l water, (lT4) irrigation with local wen water (35 days) then irrigation with desalinized water until the end of the experiment, and (ITS) irrigation with we1l water for the whole experimental period. Vegetative growth traits recorded were: plant height, leaf number, leaf area, leaf fresh and dry weight. Fruit growth traits were; length, diameter, firmness, number, fresh and dry weight. Early and total yield were also recorded. Salinity during the entire growing period and (IT5) significantly reduced early and total yield by 46.8% and 28.3% respectively. Also, it reflected higher negative results in an traits, except fruit dry weight. The negative effect of salinity on most traits was less severe when IT4 was applied. No significant differences were found between In and IB, since they resulted in intermediate negative effect in a1l studied traits; except for early yield. Significant differences among cultivars were found in fruit growth traits especially yield and its components. Highest values for fruit weight, early and total yield were recorded in Copra fillowed by Alia and Alasil, respectively. Considering that all traits were less severely affected by IT4 and that total yield was only reduced by 7.2% as compared to IT!, it can be concluded that the use of salinized irrigation water until fruit setting stage followed by desalinized water for greenhouse cucumber production is recommended to save the high cost of water desalinization.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/148
Appears in Collections:College of Foods And Agricultural Science

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