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|Title: ||Gender Differences in Saudi Class III Malocclusion|
|Authors: ||Bukhary, MT.|
Al-Namankani , E.
|Keywords: ||Class III malocclusion, Gender differences, Saudi Females and Males|
|Issue Date: ||2006 |
|Publisher: ||Egyptian Dental Association|
|Citation: ||Egyptian Dental Journal; 52(1): 59-68|
|Abstract: ||Objective: To evaluate gender differences in the skeletodental cephalometric measurements of Saudi patients with class III malocclusion.
Method and material: Sixty pretreatment lateral skull radiographs of 30 females and 30 males Saudi adults were selected from the files of patients diagnosed as having class III malocclusion. The selection criteria were: Adults of Saudi ethnicity, class III skeletal relationship, cross bite of anterior teeth, no anterior mandibular shift, no previous orthodontic treatment, no trauma or jaw fracture and no cleft palate or craniofacial syndrome. The cephalometric radiographs were taken in natural head position. Each radiograph traced and digitized twice and the average of two measurements used in the analysis. The method error was small and acceptable. Forty skeletal, dentoalveolar and soft tissue measurements were obtained for comparison.
Result: The cranial base linear measurements were shorter in class III Saudi female, whereas the angular measurements were not significant. The maxillary linear measurements were siginicantlly smaller in class III female and the angular measurements were similar in female and male. The mandibular linear measurements were smaller in female compared to male. Whereas the angular manadibular measurements were not statistically significant. On the other hand, the linear and angular comparisons of the dentoalveolar and soft tissue measurements were statistically not significant.
Conclusion: The female had small skeletal linear measurements, whereas the other comparisons were similar for both sexes. The tested null hypothesis was accepted.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Dentistry|
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