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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/16021

Title: Early childhood caries. A review
Authors: Wyne, A.
Keywords: Caries; childhood; oral hygiene
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: Medknow
Citation: Indian J Dent Res; 7:7-15
Abstract: Caries in early childhood has been a challenge to the dental profession through-out the developing and developed world. Although there have been major advancements in the fields of pathogenesis and prevention of dental caries in the last two decades, still there are reports of a high prevalence of caries in pre-school children.1-8 This means there is a serious problem of caries in early childhood i.e. infants and young children. Early childhood caries also include rampant caries and nursing caries (which is a type of rampant decay of the primary teeth of infants). The distinguishing characteristics of rampant caries include rapid development of the lesions, involvement of many teeth at a time and occurrence of lesions on surfaces generally considered at low risk for carious attack e.g. lingual surfaces of posterior teeth. The feature which distinguishes nursing caries from classical rampant caries is the absence of lesions on the mandibular incisors, which are protected by the action of the tongue and lower lip during feeding, and pooled sublingual saliva. Furthermore, nursing caries result from bad feeding habits with liquid diet such as milk, fruit juices and soft drink, while rampant caries result from cariogenic dietary practices with semi-solid and solid foods combined with poor oral hygiene. The objective of this review is to discuss the aetiology, prevalence and prevention of early childhood caries in the light of latest research and development in these areas. It is hoped that the reader would become more aware of this growing problem and would participate actively in the prevention of early childhood caries.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/16021
ISSN: 0970-9290
Appears in Collections:College of Dentistry

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