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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/16307

Title: Oral hygiene, dietary pattern and smoking habits of Bedouin (nomadic Arabs) population in Saudi Arabia.
Authors: Almas, K.
Al-Amri, M.
Al-Eid, A.
Al-Shahrani, A.
Keywords: Oral hygiene; dietary pattern; smoking habits; Saudi Arabia
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Secretariat of Dental Health in Africa
Citation: Odontostomatol Trop; 26(103): 19-23
Abstract: The estimated population of the Bedouins are up to two million in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but relatively little information is available about them. The aim of the study was to assess the oral hygiene dietary pattern and smoking habits of Saudi Bedouins population around Medina, Qaseen and Khamis Moshayte areas. Five hundred and twenty five Bedouins (296 male, 229 female) with the age range 2-90 years were interviewed and examined clinically over a period of four months (July to October 1998). It was found that 25% of the subjects were miswak users, 30% used miswak and tooth brush, while 26% never cleaned their teeth. Almost 50% of the subjects were regular in their oral hygiene habits. Seventy percent were rice eaters while meat and dates were second and third preference. Tea was the most common drink with 2-3 teaspoons of sugar per cup. Only ten percent were cigarette smokers and less than 5% used shisha (traditional smoking pipe). It is concluded from the study that within the surveyed Bedouin population one fourth of them never cleaned their teeth while almost the same number used miswak (Chewing stick) to clean their teeth. Rice was the most common food item, while tea with refined sugar was the most common drink. Only 15% were smoker. Further research is needed with a larger and a more representative sample of Bedouins from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/16307
ISSN: 0251-172X
Appears in Collections:College of Dentistry

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