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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/16458

Title: Bond strength of porcelain to titanium and titanium alloy, a comparative study with conventional metal-ceramic systems.
Authors: Al-Wazzan, K.
Al-Hussaini, I.
Keywords: Bond strength; porcelain; titanium; titanium alloy; metal-ceramic systems
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Egyptian Dental Association
Citation: Egyptian Dental Journal; 51(4): 1925-1933
Abstract: Purpose: Titanium metal’s affinity for gaseous element such as oxygen may affect the titanium-ceramic bonding. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bonding potential between a low fusing porcelain and commercially pure titanium and titanium alloy, and to compare the bond strength with those of two conventional metal-ceramic systems. Materials and Methods: Forty specimens were fabricated, 10 specimens for each group. Titanium casting unit was used to cast the commercially pure titanium and titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) specimens and Noritake low fusing porcelain was applied to them. The gold-based and the Ni-Cr alloys were melted and case with an automatic centrifugal casting machine and Vita VMK 95 conventional porcelain materials was applied to them. A universal testing machine was used to perform the 3-point bending test. The metal-ceramic interfaces were subjected to scanning electron microscopic examination. Results: The mean bond strength values obtained with the four different metals were 33.12 ± 6.16 MPa for the commercially pure titanium, 14.01 ± 5.63MPa for the titanium alloy. 44.73 ± 5.63 MPa for the gold-based alloy and 40.76 ± 7.62 MPa for Ni-Cr alloy. The gold-based alloy exhibited significantly greater bond strengths compared to the commercially pure titanium (P<.001). Furthermore, the commercially pure titanium group showed significantly greater bond strength than the titanium alloy group (P<.0001). There was no significant difference in the bond strength between the gold-based and the Ni-Cr groups (P=.503). Conclusions: The bond strength of the conventional metal-ceramic combination was significantly greater than the bond strengths of the cast commercially pure titanium-Noritake ceramic combinations. Noritake porcelain showed significantly higher bonding strength to commercially pure titanium than to titanium alloy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/16458
ISSN: 007-9484
Appears in Collections:College of Dentistry

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