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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17159

Title: Studies on the cardiovascular depressant effects of N-ethyl- and N-benzyl-1,2-diphenylethanolamines in the rat elucidation of the mechanisms of action
Authors: Bakheet, .
Dana M. El Tahir
Al-Rashood, K.
Keywords: N-ethyl 1,2-diphenylethanolamine N-benzyl 1,2-diphenylethanolamine Ca21 channels
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Abstract: The influence and mechanisms of action of N-ethyl- and N-benzyl-1,2 diphenylethanolamines (compounds E and B, respectively) on the arterial blood pressure and the heart rate of the rat together with their effects on CaCl2-induced arrhythmias in the rat were investigated. Both E and B in doses of (1.5–12 μmol/kg IV) decreased the arterial blood pressure and the heart rate in a dose-dependent manner. Studies with various receptor blockers, enzyme inhibitors and CaCl2 revealed that E-induced cardiovascular depressant effects were mainly due to CaCl2 channel blocking action and activation of cyclic guanylyl cyclase or release of NO whereas the cardiovascular effects of B seemed to involve both blockade of Ca2+ channels and activation of parasympathetic ganglia. Both compounds (12–14.5 μmol/kg) completely protected the rat against CaCl2 (60 mg kg−1)-induced tachyarrhythmias. The B compound seemed to be several times more potent than the E compound in its cardiovascular depressant actions. The results suggest the potential usefulness of both compounds in the treatment of hypertension and supraventricular arrhythmias
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17159
Appears in Collections:College of Pharmacy

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