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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17630

Title: Protective effect of aminoguanidine against nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin in normal rats
Authors: Mansour, MA,
Mostafa, AM
Khattab, MM,
Al-Shabanah, OA
Issue Date: 2002
Abstract: : The effect of aminoguanidine (AG) on nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin (CDDP) was investigated. A single dose of CDDP (7.5 mg/kg i.p.) induced nephrotoxicity, manifested biochemically by a significant elevation in serum urea, creatinine and a severe decrease in serum albumin. Moreover, marked increases in kidney weight, urine volume and urinary excretion of albumin were observed. Nephrotoxicity was further confirmed by a significant decrease in glutathione-S-transferase (GST, E.C., glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px, E.C. and catalase (E.C. and a significant increase in lipid peroxides measured as malondialdhyde (MDA) in kidney homogenates. Administration of AG (100 mg/kg per day p.o.) in drinking water 5 days before and 5 days after CDDP injection produced a significant protection against nephrotoxicity induced by CDDP. The amelioration of nephrotoxicity was evidenced by significant reductions in serum urea and creatinine concentrations. In addition, AG tended to normalize decreased levels of serum albumin. Urine volume, urinary excretions of albumin and GST and kidney weight were significantly decreased. Moreover, AG prevented the rise of MDA and the reduction of GST and GSH-Px activities in the kidney. These results suggest that AG has a protective effect on nephrotoxicity induced by CDDP and it may therefore improve the therapeutic index of CDDR (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17630
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