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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17711

Title: Protection of mouse bone marrow from etoposide-induced genomic damage by dexrazoxane
Authors: Alhaider AA
Al-Harbi MM
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: The objective of the current investigation is to determine whether non-toxic doses of the catalytic topoisomerase-II inhibitor, dexrazoxane, have influence on the genomic damage induced by the anticancer topoisomerase-II poison, etoposide, on mice bone marrow cells. The scoring of micronuclei, chromosomal aberrations, and mitotic activity were undertaken as markers of cyto- and genotoxicity. Oxidative damage markers such as reduced glutathione and lipid peroxidation were assessed as a possible mechanism underlying this amelioration. Dexrazoxane pre-treatment significantly reduced the etoposide-induced micronuclei formation, chromosomal aberrations, and also the suppression of erythroblast proliferation in bone marrow cells of mice. These effects were dose dependent. Etoposide induced marked biochemical alterations characteristic of oxidative stress including enhanced lipid peroxidation and reduction in the reduced glutathione level. Prior administration of dexrazoxane ahead of etoposide challenge ameliorated these biochemical markers. Based on our data presented, strategies can be developed to decrease the etoposide-induced genomic damage in normal cells using dexrazoxane.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17711
Appears in Collections:College of Pharmacy

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