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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17754

Title: Contractile activity of ATP and diadenosine tetraphosphate on urinary bladder in the rat: role of A1- and P2X-purinoceptors and nitric oxide.
Authors: ): Khattab, M M;
Al-Hrasen, M N
El-Hadiyah, T M
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: Both adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) and diadenosine tetraphosphate (AP4A) produced a dose-dependent contraction of the isolated rat urinary bladder rings. AP(4)A dose-response curve was to the left of that of ATP, and maximum response was greater than that produced by ATP. 2. 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX), the A1-purinergic receptor blocker (0.01 mm) significantly inhibited the ATP- and AP4A-induced contractions at the whole dose range. The inhibition was between 31-41%, and 15-25% for ATP and AP4A respectively. 3. Pyridoxal phosphate 6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS), the P2X-purinoceptor antagonist (0.01 mm) potently inhibited the bladder contractions in response to ATP and AP4A by around 75-80%. 4. The nitric oxide (NO) precursor L-arginine reduced the bladder contractile response to ATP by about 22-41% and that of AP4A to a lesser extent by around 20-32%. 5. The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 0.1 mM), did not produce any significant effect on ATP except for a weak inhibition of about 14% at the lowest dose of ATP. The contractions in response to AP4A were only slightly reduced by L-NAME by about 20%. 6. In conclusion, the contractile response of the bladder to ATP and to the dinucleotide AP4A is mediated mainly through P2X-purinoceptors and A1-purinergic receptors. In the detrusor muscle, NO donation possesses an inhibitory effect on ATP-mediated contractility more than that produced by the dinucleotide AP4A.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/17754
Appears in Collections:College of Pharmacy

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