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|Title: ||Nutritional belief and practices of Saudi Mothers during infancy period in Riyadh City|
|Authors: ||E. E. Fikry, Mervat.|
|Keywords: ||Nutrition, Infancy|
|Issue Date: ||1991 |
|Citation: ||The Bulletin of the High Institute of Public Health, Volume XXI, Number 1, January: 53:63|
|Abstract: ||The relationship between beliefs, attitudes, values and health behavior has been explained by the health belief model. That issue is of utmost importance to the providers of health care. The reasons for nutritional problems investigated were partly referred to enormous feeding and other sociocultural factors as beliefs. The investigators felt the need to study nutritional beliefs and practices of Saudi mothers during the infancy period, which will help in identifying and understanding reasons of nutritional problems in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to formulate a plan of action.
The aim of this study is to identify the beliefs and practices related to breast-feeding, artificial feeding and weaning through the infancy period.
The study was conducted in the maternity and children’s hospitals in Riyadh. The sample size presented 10% of the total number of Saudi mothers attending the maternity clinics of the hospital in a month. The first 300 mothers, who met the criteria established for selection, were interviewed. Data collected were revised, coded, and analyzed using a computer system (SPSS statistical package). For the purpose of analysis and presentation of data, mothers’ nutritional beliefs were categorized to useful, harmless and harmful based on review of literature. Useful beliefs are those that encourage good health. The harmless beliefs are those which can do not seem to affect health. The harmful beliefs are those ones that cause ill health and may lead to diseases. Practices related to bottle feeding were grouped as satisfactory and unsatisfactory, using score system. This classification was done according to the percentage of correct practices (unsatisfactory practice is less than 70% and satisfactoty is 70% or more.
The study displayed that 44.3% of the mothers had the proper practice of breast feeding their babies on the first day. It was also believed by 30% of the sample that colostrum is harmful. Unsatisfactory practices related to preparation of bottle feeding were reported by 64% of the mothers. 20.3% of mothers did not start weaning their infants before nine months of age. Mothers living in extended, large families had high percentage of harmful beliefs and practices, which might be due to the traditional influence of the old ladies and mothers in law on the young mothers.
The finding of the present study helps health workers in Saudi Arabia to plan for health education programs that are implemented to encourage and promote useful beliefs and practices and discourage the harmful ones.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Nursing|
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