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|Title: ||Cross- Culture study of Knowledge and changes experienced During Menopause among Arabian women.|
|Authors: ||A. Saad, Warifa.|
M. Saad, Nagat.
|Keywords: ||Menopause, Women|
|Issue Date: ||1995 |
|Citation: ||The Medical Journal of Cairo University, Volume 63, Number 4, Suppl. I, December: 257-269|
|Abstract: ||The word menopause means the end of ovulation at about 45-50 years of age. There is a decline in the ability of the ovaries to respond to gonadotropic hormone from the pituitary. This leads to cessation of the ovulation and therefore cessation of menstrual cycle. As a result of this many changes may appear and go on for a variable length of time and cover a complex of symptoms and bodily changes. This study was carried out to investigate the common signs and symptoms experienced by women during menopause and to find out if there is any socio-cultural factors that affect the changes occurring during the menopause years. A sample of 400 women representing four Arab nationalities, Saudi, Egyptian, Lebanese and Palestine, each woman was interviewed for the following: Biosocial and Obstetric data, women’s knowledge about menopause and disorders experienced during menopause. The results show that the majority of the sample were housewives, married and having from five to ten pregnancies, and there were significant differences (p<0.05) between nationality and a variety of symptoms and disorders experienced by the four Arab groups, Saudi, Egyptian, Lebanese and Palestinian women. Saudi women experienced hot flushes, night sweat, arthritic disorders, headache, and insomnia most, while decline in sexual interest & weight gain were more common among Egyptian women and weight gain was also common in Palestinian women. Vaginal changes in color of skin were found to be more among Lebanese women. As regards the association of education to the prevalence of symptoms the study found that women lower level of education experienced more symptoms than those of higher education. These differences are statistically significant (p<0.05). The study shows that 30% of the university graduates had complete knowledge about menopause compared to 10% of the housewives but in general the whole sample tended to have low level of knowledge about menopause. It was found that occupation had no significant relation. The result of this study indicated the importance of information related to menopausal changes. So the nurse can fill this gap, through health education program in clubs, hospitals, primary health care centers to help the women in the understanding of this important event in their lives|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Nursing|
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