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|Title: ||Rick Factors Associated with Low Birth weight new borns at Maternity Hospital in Makkah City.|
|Authors: ||Moawed, Salma.|
|Keywords: ||Low Birth Weight, Newborns|
|Issue Date: ||1999 |
|Citation: ||Alexandria Journal of Pediatrics, Volume 13, Number 2, July 1999|
|Abstract: ||In the past few decades, Saudi Arabia has enjoyed unprecedented economic & social development that has touched almost all aspects of life, including provision of health care. In a situation of such rapid transition, it is important to study indicators of health, and analyze factors that are of significance in order to promote health and counteract negative trends.
The current study objectives, therefore, were to identify low birth weight risk factors and determine strength of significant factors. The study was conducted at Makkah Maternity and Children’s Hospital. The study sample consisted of five hundred Saudi post-partum mothers and their newborn, 250 cases and 250 controls. The information was gathered by two tools: interview questionnaire and maternal and newborn anthropometric measurements checklist. Two statistical methods, Chi-Square and the crude odd ratios were used. The study revealed that young mothers less than 20 years had higher risk (OR = 4.2) compared to mothers of 20-34 years. Mothers who have a history of premature birth showed a significantly increased risk of having low birth weight babies (OR= = 2.1) and also those with a family history of low birth weight babies or premature labor almost doubled among mothers with low birth weight babies than among mothers with normal birth weight babies. Mothers who experienced intermediate or high stressor during recent pregnancy have an increased risk of having low birth weight babies. Also, mothers with low weight gain or short stature proved to have an increased risk of having low birth weight babies. Malnourished mother showed a statistically significant increased risk of having low birth weight babies. So, the study suggests that pregnancy counseling is important for high-risk group women, by maternity nurse and other health team.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Nursing|
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