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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/18025

Title: Inhibition of gene expression of heart fatty acid binding protein and organic cation/carnitine transporter in doxorubicin cardiomyopathic rat model
Authors: Sayed-Ahmed MM
Al-Shabanah OA
Keywords: : Doxorubicin; L-carnitine; OCTN2 (organic cation/carnitine transporter); H-FABP (heart fatty acid binding protein); Gene expression; Cardiotoxicity
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: This study examined whether doxorubicin therapy alters the expression of heart fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) and organic cation/carnitine transporter (OCTN2) genes in cardiac tissues, and if so, whether these alterations contributes to doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. Male Wistar albino rats were divided into six groups: group 1 rats were given daily intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of normal saline for 10 consecutive days; groups 2.3 and 4 rats were injected every other day with doxorubicin (3 mg/kg, i.p.), to obtain treatments with cumulative doses of 6, 12, and 18 mg/kg. Rats in the fifth group were injected with L-carnitine (200 mg/kg, i.p.) for 10 consecutive days. Animals in the sixth group received doxorubicin (18 mg/kg) and L-carnitine (200 mg/kg). Treatment with doxorubicin resulted in a significant and dose-dependent decrease in H-FABP and OCTN2 mRNA expression, total carnitine and ATP in cardiac tissues and a significant increase in cardiac enzymes. Moreover, doxorubicin treatment showed significant and dose-dependent increase in the expression of apoptotic genes namely P53 and CD95. Interestingly, carnitine supplementation restored doxorubicin-induced inhibition of gene expression of H-FABP and OCTN2, decrease in myocardial carnitine and ATP to the control values. In conclusion, data from this study suggest that: chronic doxorubicin therapy decreased the expression of H-FABP and OCTN2 mRNA expression in cardiac tissues. The progressive increase in cardiotoxicity enzymatic indices and the decrease in H-FABP and 001 12 expression may point to the possible contribution of H-FABP and OCTN2 as a mechanism during development of doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/18025
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