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|Title: ||Conformational Study of the structure of free 18-crown-6|
|Authors: ||A. Al-Jallal, N.|
A. Al-Kahtani, A.
A. El-Azhary, A.
|Keywords: ||18-Crown-6, Structure; vibrational spectra, conformational search, lowest energy conformations|
|Issue Date: ||2005 |
|Publisher: ||The journal of physical chemistry. A|
|Citation: ||J. Phys. Chem. A, 109(16), 3694|
|Abstract: ||A conformational search was performed for 18-crown-6 using the CONLEX method at the MM3 level. To have a more accurate energy order of the predicted conformations, the predicted conformations were geometry optimized at the HF/STO-3G level and the 198 lowest energy conformations, according to the HF/STO-3G energy order, were geometry optimized at the HF/6-31+G level. In addition, the 47 nonredundant lowest energy conformations, according to the MP2/6-31+G energy order at the HF/6-31+G optimized geometry, hereafter the MP2/6-31+G//HF/6-31+G energy order, were geometry optimized at the B3LYP/6-31+G level. According to the MP2/6-31+G//B3LYP/6-31+G energy order, three conformations had energies lower than the experimentally known Ci conformation of 18c6. At the MP2/6-31+G//B3LYP/6-31+G level, the S6 lowest energy conformation is more stable by 1.96 kcal/mol than this Ci conformation. This was confirmed by results at the MP2/6-31+G level with an energy difference of 1.84 kcal/mol. Comparison between the structure of the S6 conformation of 18c6 and the S4 lowest energy conformation of 12-crown-4, as well as other important conformations of both molecules, is made. It is concluded that the correlation energy is necessary to have an accurate energy order of the predicted conformations. A rationalization of the conformational energy order in terms of the hydrogen bonding and conformational dihedral angles is given. It is also suggested that to have a better energy order of the predicted conformations at the MM3 level, better empirical force fields corresponding to the hydrogen bond interactions are needed.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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