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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/18491

Title: Kinetic and thermodynamic study of the adsorption of
Authors: A. Hefne, J.
K. Mekhemer, W.
M. Alandis, N.
A. Aldayel, O.
Alajyan, T.
Keywords: Adsorption, clay minerals, bentonite, lead, wastewater treatment
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: International Journal of Physical Sciences Vol. 3 (11), pp. 281-288, November, 2008
Citation: Physical chemistry,
Abstract: Lead (Pb) is one of the major environmental pollutants. Adsorption appears to be the most widely usedfor the removal of heavy metals. The aim of this work is to investigate the adsorption potential ofcommercial natural bentonite (NB) in the removal of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solution. The effect of different variables, such as, concentration of Pb, mass of NB, pH, time, NB washing and heat treatmentand temperature was investigated. The bentonite sample under the heat and washed treatment are labeled as CB and WB respectively. The adsorption experiments were carried out using batch process. The equilibrium time for Pb (II) adsorption on NB was 5 min, the processes conforming to second order kinetics. NB had a much higher adsorption capacity for Pb (II) with the Langmuir monolayer capacity (qm) of 107, 110 and 120 mg g− 1 at 293, 313 and 333 K respectively compared to others adsorbents. Thermodynamic parameters such as _H°, _S° and _G° were calculated. The adsorption process was found to be endothermic and spontaneous. The enthalpy change for Pb (II) by NB adsorption has been estimated as 33 kJ mol−1, indicating that the adsorption of Pb (II) by NB corresponds to a physical reaction. The adsorption capacity of washed bentonite WB was very high compared to NB and CB
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/18491
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