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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/18665

Title: Dietary Factors Contributing to Osteoporosis among Post Menopausal Saudi women
Authors: A Alsaif, Mohammed.
K. Khan, Latifa.
A.H. Alhamdan, Adel.
M. Alorf, Saada.
M. Al-Othman, Abdulaziz.
J. Makki, Rabab.
Keywords: Osteoporosis, postmenopausal women, bone mineral density, dietary factors, physical activity.
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Journal of applied sciences 7 (19): 2776-2781
Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the dietary components which are likely to contribute to osteoporosis in postmenopausal Saudi women. In the present study, 36 osteoporotic postmenopausal and 25 healthy postmenopausal women as cases and controls respectively were selected from Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study has designed to collect the data about the general characteristics (age, marital status, education, number of pregnancies, activity level, income and housing), anthropometric measurements, medical history and dietary intake by using both the methods (24 h recall, food frequency questionnaire). Serum samples were analyzed for calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D and Para Thyroid Hormone (PTH) and they were correlated with Bone Mineral Density (BMD). Food intake items were correlated with hip, neck and spin BMD. In results, cases found significantly older than controls and had history of bone fractures. Cases were consumed significantly less dietary calcium than controls. Serum parameters did not show any significant differences. However significant correlation was found between serum level of PTH and calcium with BMD of spine and right neck femur respectively. Banana and Mataziz (locally prepared dish with vegetables) showed positive correlation with hip BMD. A negative significant correlation was found between Arabian coffee and right neck femur BMD. In conclusion, Saudi women require encouragement to consume adequate amounts of calcium, fruits and vegetables in combination with maintaining a daily physical activity and space in child birth.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/18665
ISSN: 1812-5654
Appears in Collections:College of Applied Medical Sciences

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