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|Title: ||The Rise of the Nabataeans. Sociopolitical Developments in the 4th and 3rd Century Nabatea.|
|Authors: ||Abdullah A. Al-Adbuljabbar|
|Keywords: ||Nabataeans- Arabia- Social- political|
|Issue Date: ||1995 |
|Publisher: ||PHD Dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington,.|
|Abstract: ||This thesis addresses Nabataean history in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC, an era which has received little scholarly attention, and is generally discussed only as a background to the history of the region of Transjordan during the Roman period. In my dissertation I propose that this period witnessed the initial sociopolitical progress of the Nabataeans. Crucial advances on political, economic, and social levels permitted the Nabataeans to establish permanent control over trade routes and over sedentary and tribal populations in the area of Transjordan. This historical development had significant consequences for the history of the area and its population.
What emerges from my study is the proposition that the Nabataean era represented a continuous sociopolitical development in the region. In turn, the Nabataeans did not emerge suddenly as a political power. I shall argue that the rise of the Nabataeans went through two phases. The first phase, in the 4th century BC, witnessed the growth of Nabataean control over trade routes and various tribes and towns in southern Transjordan. The second phase, in the 3rd century BC, witnessed the creation of the Nabataean kingdom. This entire process developed from the interaction of several factors: the international trade in aromatics, the domestication of camels, and the intervention and influence of outside powers.
This dissertation continues with an examination of the relationship between the Hellenistic states and the Nabataeans in the 3rd century BC. It concludes that the Nabataeans successfully escaped Ptolemaic monopoly and established a commercial and political alliance with the Seleucids. This period also coincided with the Nabataean expansion toward the north and the east.
In addition to these findings, this study seeks to provide a critical review of current assumptions concerning Nabataean society. The picture that emerges after an analytical study of the sources, especially the account of Diodorus-Hieronymus, is substantially different than that proposed in standard histories of the Nabataeans, and opens new possibilities for future research in the field.|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Arts|
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