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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/19215

Title: Risk Factors Associated with Obesity in Children age 6-12 years in Nutritional Clinic at Security Forces Hospital in Riyadh City
Authors: Al-Harthy, Manal Saud Al-SHarif
Alorf, Dr Saada
Keywords: Risk Factors
Nutritional Clinic
Security Forces Hospital
Issue Date: 4-Feb-2008
Abstract: Obesity has a profound effect on a child’s life. Obese children are also more likely to be obese adults,. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children has increased markedly in the last 2 decades in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The objectives of this study was to investigate the risk factors associated with obesity among children at the age group 6-12 years in the Nutritional Clinic at SFH, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and to assess the prevalence of obesity among this age group. Across sectional study was carried out on 122 children aged 6-12 years old,37.7% of the them were males and 62.3% were females, data were collected from the pediatric nutrition clinic of the out patient department by using a questionnaire which include, sociodemographical, medical history, dietary history by using 24 hours recall, Anthropometric measurements, and biochemical parameters. The Results showed that 18.0% of the subjects were over weight and 27.0% were obese. Females subjects were more obese (30.2%) than male subjects (21.7%). Elder children (age 9 -12 years) were more obese than younger children (6-<9 years). Children within the big families (more than 3 brothers) were more obese than their counterpart in small families. The first and last child was more obese than the child born in between. Data showed that 82.0% of the subjects used to eat in front of TV. The common types of food eaten in front of TV were juices, chips, sweets, sandwiches, and beverages. Subjects who followed a specific diet or those who visit a dietician before had higher BMI than those who did not followed specific diet. The results indicated that, 86.7% and 17.1% of boys and girls had sport at school respectively. The boys used to exercise more than the girls in all type of exercise.The subjects who practiced regular exercise took more energy than the subjects who did not practiced regular exercise. The mean of BMI decreased as the duration of the exercise increased, those used to practice more than 30 minutes daily had their mean BMI lower compared to those who used to exercise less than 15 minutes daily. Those who used to exercise regularly had lower blood glucose and triglycerides level compared to those who did not exercise regularly.Results also showed that the most common chronic diet related diseases among the parents of the subjects was obesity (29.2%),followed by diabetes mellitus (17.4%) and hypertention (16.4%), it showed that 70% of the subjects were obese if both parents were obese. As conclusion obesity was more common in female than male and the most associated risk factors were lack of exercise, family size, consumptions of fast food and parents obesity. There is an urgent need to spread awareness about obesity, its consequences, ways and means of prevention especially among young and their families, through promoting healthy eating and physical activities.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/19215
Appears in Collections:College of Applied Medical Sciences

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