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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/19231

Title: Dental Caries Among Asthmatic Children Ages 5 To 10 Years Old In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Authors: Al Saud, Dr. Randa
Khounganian, Prof. Rita
Keywords: Pediatric Dentistry)
Dentistry
Issue Date: 6-Feb-2010
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that asthmatic patients have a higher caries risk. This has been attributed to their medical condition as well as the physical and physiological effects of the medications pharmacotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dental caries among asthmatic children ages 5 to 10 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present research integrated a dental clinical assessment with a questionnaire survey that was conducted on 400 children whose ages ranged from 5 to 10 years old. Out of the 200 children in the asthmatic group, 184 children were only included, with mean age of 6.96 ± 1.923 years, undergoing regular treatment with asthmatic medications from the Pediatric Pulmonary Clinic of King Khalid University Hospital and Dallah Private Hospital. The control group comprised of 200 healthy children randomly collected from the Pediatric Dental Clinic of the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, with mean age of 7.45 ± 1.837 years, having similar social backgrounds regarding parents’ education and employment. RESULTS: Decayed teeth were more common in asthmatic deciduous teeth with statistically significant difference (P = 0.048) whereas the missing and filled teeth were more common with statistically significant difference in the control group (P= 0.0001). There were no statistical significant differences in the decayed and missing teeth in the permanent teeth between the asthmatic and control group but there was a highly significant difference in the filled teeth in controls versus those of the asthmatic children (P < 0.0001) with significant difference in the DMFT in favor of the control group (P = 0.0135). The overall mean scores of dmft/DMFT were statistically significant in the control group on account of the asthmatic children. There was no statistically significant correlation between prevalence of caries and severity of asthma or with the number of drugs taken at a given time. There was a highly significant correlation between prevalence of dental caries and oral hygiene status in the asthmatic children where P < 0.0001. Good oral hygiene was associated with low dmft and DMFT, whereas the poorer the oral hygiene status the higher was the dmft and DMFT values. There was a direct relationship between age and dental caries since ϒs = 0.0155 and P = 0.018 which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). No relationship, however, was observed between the total number of medications and prevalence of dental caries ϒs = 0.005 and P = 0.474, respectively. Regarding dental erosion of the deciduous teeth, there was a statistically significant difference in the asthmatic children in comparison with the controls (P = 0.0005) whereas no statistical significance was observed in relation to dental erosion and severity of asthma (P = 0.785). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the null hypothesis where no significant relationship was detected between asthma and dental caries in 5 to 10 years old asthmatic children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Description: Masters
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/19231
Appears in Collections:College of Dentistry

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