DSpace

King Saud University Repository >
King Saud University >
COLLEGES >
Health Colleges >
College of Applied Medical Sciences >
College of Applied Medical Sciences >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/19271

Title: Development of Tibiofemoral Angle in Normal Children from 2 to 12 Years of Age in Riyadh City-Saudi Arabia
Authors: Badahdah, Wafa Ahmad Salem
Abdel Rahman, Dr. Samia Abdel Rahman
Keywords: Tibiofemoral Angle
2 to 12 Years
Riyadh City-Saudi Arabia
تاريخ النشر: 1-مار-2010
Abstract: Background: The normal development of the knee angle in children follows a certain pattern during growth in the axial alignment which might be affected by racial factor. Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine the normal developmental limits of the knee angle in normal Saudi children as well as to compare between girls and boys regarding the development of the knee angle. Methods: The present investigation was carried out on 300 Saudi normal children having the age range of 2-12 years. The subjects were selected from both sexes (150 girls and 150 boys) and were selected from nurseries and schools of five different areas in Riyadh city. The subjects in each gender were divided according to their age into ten age groups. The knee angle was assessed by measuring the tibiofemoral angle, the intercondyler distance and the intermalleolar distance. The used instruments were goniometer, tape measure and caliper. Results: There was a tendency of knock knee in children aging from 2 to 12 years which decreased towards normal lower extremity alignment with age increment for both sexes. There was no significant differences between girls and boys regarding the tibiofemoral angle, the intercondyler distance and the intermalleolar distance (p=0.605, 0.510 and 0.630 respectively). Conclusion: A valgus alignment (valgus knee angle) was observed in the development of the knee angle in children aged from 2 to 12 years which was decreased with age increment. There was no significant difference between girls and boys regarding the development of the knee angle. Key words: Children, clinical measurements, Knee angle, Tibiofemoral angle, Intercondyler distance, Intermalleolar distance, Bowlegs, Genu varum, Knock-knees and Genu varum.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/19271
يظهر في المجموعات:College of Applied Medical Sciences

:الملفات في هذا العنصر

ملف وصف حجمالنوع
THESIS OF WAFA BADAHDAH.pdf14.91 MBAdobe PDFعرض\u0641تح

جميع جميع الابحاث محمية بموجب حقوق الطباعة، جميع الحقوق محفوظة.

 

البرمجيات DSpace حقوق المؤلف © 2002-2009 معهد ماساتشوستس للتكنولوجيا و Hewlet Packard - التغذية الراجعة