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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2581

Title: Minimal access surgery in neonates and infants
Authors: Al-Qahtani, Aayed R.
Almaramhi, Hamdi
Keywords: Minimal access surgery
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: W. B. Saunders Co. (Elsevier)
Citation: Journal of Pediatric Surgery: 41(5); 910–913
Abstract: Background: Minimal access surgery (MAS) in small infants carries an important consideration. The tolerance of these small babies and the assumed physiological effect of MAS, in addition to the required anesthetic and surgical skills, havemade it difficult to performthese types of procedures inmany international centers. The present article reviews our experience withMAS in neonates and infants in the first year of life. Methods: The medical records of all neonates and infants (b1 year) who underwent MAS over a period of 3 years were retrospectively reviewed for demographic information, procedures, operative time, complications, outcomes, and follow-up. Most of the operations were performed with 3-mm instruments and scopes and mean insufflation pressure of 10 mm Hg (range, 4-15 mm Hg). Result: Seventy neonates and infants were included in this study: 19 females and 51 males. The weight ranged from 1.3 to 8.2 kg (mean, 4.3 kg). The mean age was 93 days (range, 1 day to 12 months). Twentyfour (34%) were neonates (first 30 days of life). Procedures performed included repair of racheoesophageal fistula, lobectomy, repair of diaphragmatic or hiatus hernias, pull-through for imperforated anus and Hirschsprung’s disease, plication of the diaphragm, Kasai procedure, excision of choledochal cyst, pyloromyotomy, Ladd’s procedure, and reduction of intussusceptions. There were 2 conversions, both in neonates with tracheoesophageal fistula. All patients tolerated the procedure very well, with lesser degrees in neonates undergoing thoracoscopic procedures. Two neonates had postoperative hypothermia (b358C) and 1 neonate had high Pco2 postoperatively. There was 1 mortality and no morbidities. The follow-up ranged from 1 month to 3 years (mean, 19 months). Conclusion: Minimal access surgery in neonates and infants is safe and well tolerated. Intraoperative monitoring of end-tidal CO2 and core temperature is essential in avoiding unwanted effects of performing these procedures, especially in neonates.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2581
ISSN: 0022-3468
Appears in Collections:Saudi Pediatric Association

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