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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2761

Title: Molecular cytogenetic evaluation of the mechanism of micronuclei formation induced by camptothecin, topotecan, and irinotecan
Authors: Attia, Sabry M.
Aleisa, Abdulaziz M.
Bakheet, Saleh A.
Al-Yahya, Abdulaziz A.
Al-Rejaie, Salim S.
Ashour, Abdelkader E.
Al-Shabanah, Othman A.
Keywords: Camptothecin
Issue Date: Mar-2009
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
Citation: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis: 50(2); 145-151
Abstract: We used the conventional bone marrow micronucleus test complemented with the fluorescent in situ hybridization with the minor satellite DNA probe to investigate the mechanisms of induction of micronuclei in mice treated with camptothecin and its clinical antineoplastic analogues topotecan and irinotecan. All experiments were performed with male Swiss albino mice. Single doses of 1 mg/kg camptothecin or 0.6 mg/kg topotecan were injected intraperitoneally and bone marrow was sampled at 30 hr (camptothecin) or 24 hr (topotecan) after treatment. A dose of 60 mg/kg irinotecan was injected intravenously, once every fourth day for 13 days and bone marrow was sampled 24 hr after the last treatment. In animals treated with camptothecin, a total of 1.07% micronuclei were found and 70% of them were centromere-negative, indicating their formation by DNA strand breaks and reflecting the predominant clastogenic activity of camptothecin. Exposure to topotecan and irinotecan yielded 1.71 and 0.83% micronuclei, respectively. About 52.7 and 48.8% of the induced micronuclei, respectively, were centromere-positive, indicating their formation by whole chromosomes and reflecting the aneugenic activity of both compounds. Correspondingly, about 47.3 and 51.2% of the induced micronuclei, respectively were centromere-negative, demonstrating that topotecan and irinotecan not only induce chromosome loss but also DNA strand breaks. Both the clastogenic and aneugenic potential of these drugs can lead to the development of secondary tumors and abnormal reproductive outcomes. Therefore, the clinical use of these agents must be weighed against the risks of secondary malignancies in cured patients and persistent genetic damage of their potential offspring.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2761
ISSN: Print: 0893-6692 Online: 1098-2280
Appears in Collections:College of Pharmacy

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