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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/285

Title: Sustainability & urban management in old muslim cities:the role of pious foundations
Authors: Hamouche, Mustapha
Keywords: Urban management
Endowment foundation
Traditional Islamic Cities
North Africa
Ottoman Empire
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: King Saud University
Citation: Journal of King Saud University, Architecture & Planning: 19 (2); 27-48
Abstract: Urban management in traditional Islamic cities relied largely on endowment foundations voluntarily financed by the people. Known as "Habūs" in North Africa and “Waqf” in the Middle East, Habūs covered most municipal services and public utilities through a sustainable and autonomous financial system that depended on incomes from the assets of these foundations. In addition, it performed a significant socio-economic role with regard to the needy. This paper examines the concept of Habūs in traditional Islamic cities and offers a historical analysis of the impact of these foundations on the quality of the traditional built environment in Algiers during the Ottoman period. The study is based largely on Ottoman court records and public registers, Sijillāt al bāylik, that are available in the Centre des Archives Nationales d’Alger, in Algiers.
Description: Mustapha Ben Hamouche Department of Civil & Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Bahrain, P.O. Box 32038, Bahrain mbenhamouche@eng.uob.bh
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/285
Appears in Collections:Journal of the King Saud University - Architecture and Planning

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