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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3582

Title: Initial factors predicting rebleeding and death in bleeding peptic ulcer disease
Authors: Al-Akeely, Mohammed H.
Alam, Mohammed K.
Al-Salamah, Saleh M.
Abdu, Mahmood A.
Al-Teimi, Ibrahim N
Mohammed, Abdulmajeed A
Keywords: Ulcer
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Saudi Medical Journal: 25 (5); 642-647
Abstract: Objective: Bleeding peptic ulcer constitutes approximately half of the cases admitted with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Although the bleeding episode stops spontaneously in most of them, rebleeding occurs in as much as 10-30% of them and has a mortality rate of 5-10%. In this study, we have evaluated the possible significant predictors associated with this adverse outcome. Methods: The records of 205 patients admitted to gastrointestinal bleeding unit (G1BU) in Riyadh Central Hospital, during the period May 1996 through to April 1999, with endoscopic confirmed diagnosis of bleeding peptic ulcer disease were reviewed for demography, clinical presentation, hematology, biochemistry, initial blood pressure, nasogastric lavage color, co-morbid disease and endoscopic findings. All the significant factors found initially (/"<0.05) were entered into odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval and finally the unconditioned logistic regression model was used to find out the significant independent predictors for both rebleeding and mortality in these patients. Results: The majority of patients (85%) were males and below the age of 60 (73%). Duodenal ulcer was the source of bleeding in 84%. Endoscopy was performed in all patients within 24 hours of admission. Only 15% were actively bleeding at the time of initial endoscopy. Thirty-six patients (17%) rebelled, majority within 72 hours of initial hemostasis. Overall, 11 patients (5%) died, 6 of them were rebleeders. Initial presentation of systolic blood pressure <I00 mm Hg, blood in nasogastric tube and visible vessel wilhin the ulcer in endoscopy were independent predictors of rebleeding while initial systolic blood pressure <100 mm Hg and age >60-years were independent predictors of mortality. Conclusion: Improvement of outcome in patients with bleeding peptic ulcer disease can be achieved by early detection of those patients who are at risk of adverse outcome. Patients with the above mentioned independent predictors of rebleeding and mortality are best managed in the intensive care unit with endoscopic hemostasis and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy for a minimum of 5- days of admission.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3582
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