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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5268

Title: The microbiota of young children from tooth and tongue samples
Authors: Tanner, A.C.R.
Milgrom, P.M.
Kent, R.
Mokeem, S.A.
Page, R.C.
Riedy, C.A.
Weinstein, P.
Bruss, J.
Keywords: Streptococcus mutans
Porphyromonas gingivalis
Actinomyces
Prevotella
Preschool children
Dental caries
Tongue samples
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: International & American Associations for Dental Research through SAGE Publications
Citation: Journal of Dental Research: 81(1); 53-57
Abstract: This study determined the frequency with which 38 microbial species were detected in 171 randomly selected children from 6 to 36 months of age. Children were sampled and dental caries measured. Oral samples were assayed by means of a checkerboard DNA probe assay. The detection frequencies from tongue samples in children under 18 mos were: S. mutans 70%, S. sobrinus 72%, P. gingivalis 23%, B. forsythus 11%, and A. actinomycetemcomitans 30%, with similar detection frequencies in children over 18 mos. Thus, S. mutans and the periodontal pathogens, P. gingivalis and B. forsythus, were detected even in the youngest subjects. Species associated with caries included S. mutans (children ages 18-36 mos) and A. israelii (children ages <18 mos), the latter species possibly reflecting increased plaque in children with caries. Species detection from tooth and tongue samples was highly associated, with most species detected more frequently from tongue than from tooth samples in children under 18 mos, suggesting that the tongue was a potential microbial reservoir.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5268
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/154405910208100112
http://jdr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/81/1/53
ISSN: Print: 0022-0345, Online: 1544-0591
Appears in Collections:College of Dentistry

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