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Title: Radiation exposure due to agricultural uses of phosphate fertilizers
Authors: Khater, Ashraf E.M.
AL-Sewaidan, H.A.
Keywords: Radiological
Phosphate rocks
Saudi Arabia
Chemical fertilizers
تاريخ النشر: سبت-2008
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Citation: Radiation Measurements: 43 (8); 1402-1407
Abstract: Radiological impacts of phosphate rocks mining and manufacture could be significant due to the elevated radioactivity contents of the naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), such as 238U series, 232 The series and 40K, in some phosphate deposits. Over the last decades, the land reclamation and agriculture activities in Saudi Arabia and other countries have been widely expanded. Therefore, the usage of chemical fertilizers is increased. Selected phosphate fertilizers samples were collected and the specific activities of NORM were measured using a gamma ray spectrometer based on a hyper pure germanium detector and alpha spectrometer based on surface barrier detector. The obtained results show remarkable wide variations in the radioactivity contents of the different phosphate fertilizer samples. The mean (ranges) of specific activities for 226Ra, 210Po, 232Th and 40K, and radium equivalent activity are 75 (3–283), 25 (0.5–110), 23 (2–74), 2818(9–6501) Bq/kg and 283 (7–589) Bq/kg, respectively. Based on dose calculations, the increment of the public radiation exposure due to the regular agricultural usage of phosphate fertilizers is negligible. Its average value 1m above the ground is about 0.12 nGy/h where the world average value due to the NORM in soil is 51 nGy/h. Direct radiation exposures of the farmers due to phosphate fertilizers application was not considered in our study.
Description: a) National Center for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt b) Physics Department, College of Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 1145, Saudi Arabia
URI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2008.04.084
ISSN: 1350-4487
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