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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5950

Title: Sensitive indirect spectrophotometric method for determination of H2-Receptor antagonists in pharmaceutical formulations
Authors: Darwish, Ibrahim A
Hussein, Samiha A
Mahmoud, Ashraf M
Hassan, Ahmed I
Keywords: H2-receptors antagonists
Cerium (IV)
p-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde
Spectrophotometry
Pharmaceutical analysis
Issue Date: Jun-2007
Publisher: Master Publishing Group
Citation: International Journal of Biomedical Science 3(2), 123-130
Abstract: A simple, accurate and sensitive spectrophotometric method has been developed and validated for determination of H2-receptor antagonists: cimetidine, famotidine, nizatidine, and ranitidine hydrochloride. The method was based on the oxidation of these drugs with cerium (IV) in presence of perchloric acid and subsequent measurement of the excess Ce (IV) by its reaction with p-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde to give a red colored product (λmax at 464 nm). The decrease in the absorption intensity (ΔA) of the colored product, due to the presence of the drug was correlated with its concentration in the sample solution. Different variables affecting the reaction were carefully studied and optimized. Under the optimum conditions, linear relationships with good correlation coefficients (0.9985-0.9994) were found between ΔA values and the concentrations of the drugs in a concentration range of 1-16 μg ml-1. The assay limits of detection and quantitation were 0.12-0.44 and 0.37-1.33 μg ml-1, respectively. The method was validated, in terms of accuracy, precision, ruggedness, and robustness; the results were satisfactory. The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of the investigated drugs in their pure and pharmaceutical dosage forms (recovery was 98.8- 102.5 ± 0.79-1.72%) without interference from the common excipients. The results obtained by the proposed method were comparable with those obtained by the official methods
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/5950
Appears in Collections:King Saud University Initial Collection

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