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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6102

Title: Outcome of nonoperative management of blunl liver trauma
Authors: Bismar, Hayan A.
Alam, Mohammed K.
Al-Keely, Mohammed H.
Al Salamah, Saleh M.
Mohammed, Abdulmajeed A.
Keywords: liver trauma
Medical Sciences
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Saudi Medical Journal: 25 (3); 294-29
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate our experience with the management of blunt liver trauma at Riyadh Central Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: The hospital records of 68 patients treated for blunt liver trauma at Riyadh Medical Complex over a 5-year period (1997 through to 2002) were reviewed retrospectively. Patients who were hemodynamically unstable or had peritonitis were treated by urgent laparotomy (operative group). The other group of patients were treated conservatively as they were hemodynamically stable (nonoperative group) in the intensive care unit (ICU). All patients had computed tomogram of the abdomen with oral and intravenous contrast. Injuries grades were classified according to American. Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST). Follow up computed tomogram of the abdomen was performed in 1 -2 weeks time. Results: A total of 68 patients were treated over a 5-year period. Thirty-three patients (49%) were treated by immediate surgery. Hepatorraphy was performed in 22 patients, non anatomical resection in 3 patients and liver packing in 2 patients to control bleeding. No activ bleeding was found in 8 patients. Nonoperative grou (n=35, 51%) were managed in the ICU for clos monitoring. Surgically treated group had more patient with complex liver injury (30% versus 11%), requira more units of blood (3.2 versus 2.1) but had a shorte hospital stay (9 days versus 12 days). Two patients fo nonoperated group develop complications (biloma: on patient, infected hematoma: one patient), th nonoperative treatment failed in one patient who require' laparotomy due to rebleeding from grade IV liver injur with failure rate of 3%. The only mortality (one patienl was in the operated group. Conclusion: The nonoperative treatment is a safe an effective method in the management of hemodynamicall stable patients with blunt liver trauma. The nonoperativ treatment should be the treatment of choice in sue patients whenever computed tomogram and ICU facilitie are available. However, further studies with large number of patients are needed to support our results.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6102
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