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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7391

Title: Cranial and intracranial aspergillosis of sino-nasal origin
Authors: Ur-Rahman, Naim
Jamjoom, A.
Al-Hedaithy, S.S.A
Jamjoom, Z.A.B.
Al-Sohaibanr, M.0.
Aziz, S.A.
Keywords: Antifungal Chemotherapy
Invasive Aspergillosis
Skull Base Surgery
Medical Sciences
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: Acta Neurochirurgica
Citation: Acta Neurochirurgica: 138; 944-950
Abstract: This paper is an attempt at defining the most efficacious surgical and antifungal therapy for invasive cranial and intracranial aspergillosis, and is based on experience with nine non-immunocompromiscd patienls treated and followed-up by the authors between 198? and 199^: as well as on the summary of previously reported cases and advances in therapy of this condition. Depending on the degree of aspergillar involvement of the cranial base and intracranial structures, a classification, with implications for treatment and prognosis, is also proposed. Two patients had extracranial skull base erosion; whereas relentlessly progressive granulomas, mimicking malignancy. invaded the skull base and intracranial contents in seven cases. Of these seven patients with cranial and intracranial invasion, two died of acute intracranial haemorrhage due to fungal invasion of cerebral blood vessels. In two patienls, complete surgical eradication of the disease proved impossible due to cavernous sinus involvement, while residual aspergillomas are still present in orbit and paranasal sinuses (PNS) in a further two patienls in spite of multiple surgical procedures and prolonged antifungal chemotherapy (AFC). What appears to be a cure has been effected in one patient only. Multiple therapeutic strategies were used. Biopsy plus systemic AFC was ineffective, surgical drainage and debridement plus systemic AFC resulted in long-term survivals hut no cure. Radical surgery in conjunction with systemic and local (intracavitary) AFC should be considered to improve an otherwise poor prognosis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7391
Appears in Collections:College of Medicine

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