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|Title: ||Weight reduction practices and its effects on the nutritional status of Saudi females attending weight reduction clinics in Riyadh city|
|Authors: ||Khanam, Latifa|
Albassam, Reem Suliman
|Keywords: ||Weight reduction Clinics|
|Issue Date: ||Dec-2006 |
|Abstract: ||The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has undergone a remarkable and rapid economic development over the past two decades (Al-Shammari et al, 1995). The discovery of oil in large quantities generated sudden wealth and the average family income increased sharply. Generous and varied food supplies became available on the market, and with the high purchasing power, meal patterns became more varied. On the other hand, diseases which were previously associated with the more economically developed countries arose. Of these, overweight and obesity are the most obvious and important due to increased risk of morbidity and mortality which is known to be associated with them. Obesity accounts for over 17 million deaths every year (WHO, 2005). The dietary pattern associated with an affluent lifestyle has been blamed for the increasing prevalence of health problems associated with over nutrition.
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rising to epidemic proportions at an alarming rate in both developed “Westernized” and developing countries around the world (Millar and Stephens, 1987, Michael and Jonathan, 1988, and Seidell, 1995). Obesity will probably replace cigarette smoking as the major killer of Americans in the next century (Grundy et al, 1998). The prevalence of obesity has increased by about 10-50% in the majority of European countries in the last 10 years (International Obesity Task Force, 2004). Over the same period, there is a significant increase in the number of obese and overweight people in the Saudi community. The prevalence of obesity among Saudi females found to be 44% (Al-Nozha et al, 2005).
Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors in the incidence of eating disorders and unhealthy weight loss behaviors in women, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal female form in Western industrialized nations, particularly through the media (Neumark-Sztaier and French, 1996, Pirouznia, 2001). Media’s effect in presentation of the thinner body as the ideal female body shape caused a significant decrease in weight and a trend from a curved body figure to a more angular one (Garner et al, 1980).
The increasing exposure to western culture has also lead to the internalization of western attitudes towards eating pattern and also about the body shapes (Nasser, 1986). Preference for the modern western thin body image was clearly observed in Saudi females, also inappropriate weight reduction practices such as fasting (24hr), induce vomiting after eating were emerge as nearly half (46.2%) of them (Rasheed, 1999).
For several years, the public has been bombarded with numerous weight loss advertisements and commercials. In fact, it seems that every month there is a new book advocating a novel approach to weight loss. Some of these approaches are overly simplistic and often contradict one another. Some assert dietary fat as the main culprit in obesity (Katahn, 1993). Others stress
Carbohydrates as the cause (Atkins, 1992 & Dashti, 2003). All these “experts” claim that the weight reduction modalities suggested by them are based on scientific research and evidence. Thus it is no surprise that the public remains confused. Because these programs influence the consumers and play a decisive role in affecting public behavior.
Therefore the present study examined the influence of different weight reduction modalities on control of obesity, and their effect on nutritional and behavioral well being of Saudi females attending different weight reduction clinics in Riyadh.|
|Description: ||This study is conducted & submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirement for the Master Degree in Clinical Nutrition in the Department of Community Health Sciences at the College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, December 2006G|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Applied Medical Sciences|
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