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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9812

Title: Effects of Glycemic Index and Type of Dietary Fibers on Some Biochemical Indices of Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus Subjects
Authors: O. Al-Fouaz
Hamza, M. Abu-Tarboush
Adnan, S. Ba-Jaber
Issue Date: 1998
Abstract: In order to evaluate the effect of the type of carbohydrate (according to the glycemic index) and bran fiber and carrageenan gum on plasma glucose and lipids in people with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, 30 male patients were randomly chosen and divided into five groups of diets of a period of 10 days. The first group was the control diet, which was modified from the American Diabetes Association recommended diets for diabetes; the second group was high insoluble fiber high glycemic index (HIF-HGI) diet, the third group was high soluble fiber high glycemic index (HSF-HGI) diet; the fourth group was high insoluble fiber low glycemic index (HIF-LGI) diet; and the 1st group was high soluble fiber low glycemic index (HSF-LGI) diet. All diets caused the weight of the patients to be reduced, but the only significant difference was found between the control and HSF-GSI diets. The HSF-HGI diets caused significant (p<0.05) reduction in the plasma glucose compared to the HSF-GSI diet significantly (p<0.05) reduced the total cholesterol more than the control, HIF-HGI and HSF-HGI diets. The HSF-LGI diet also caused significant (p<0.05) reduction in LDL-C of the plasma compared to the control and HSF.HGI diets, while the HIF-LGI diet caused significant reduction in HDL-C compared to the rest of the diets, except HIF-HGI. Although all diets caused the triglyceride and VLDL-C of the patients to be reduced, the study was unable to show any significant differences among them.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/9812
Appears in Collections:College of Foods And Agricultural Science

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